By: Hugh C. Talley
The original inhabitants of what is now El Salvador is believed to have been the Paleo-Indians. It is believed that the Paleo-Indians came to El Salvador about 10,000 years ago. Their paintings are still visible in caves in Morazan.
The Olmecs are believed to be the first advanced MesoAmerican civilization to have lived in what is present-day El Salvador as early as 2000 B.C.
Archaeological finds in what is now the country of El Salvador show that it was a relevant trading area with many influences, including the Teotihuacan and Pipil in the west, and the Lenca, Chorti and Pok’omama in the east.
The pyramid ruins that have been found throughout the country show evidence of more than 3000 years of pre- Hispanic occupation. Much of the ruins have not been excavated, so there is still much to be evaluated and learned here.
What is now El Salvador was composed of three indigenous states before the Spanish conquest in 1524. The Pipil settled in the central part of the country. The Pipil were a determined people who strongly resisted the Spanish efforts to extend their control southward.
The Lencas governed the eastern part of what is now El Salvador. The Chortis governed the northern zone of the Lempa river.
I am now researching and preparing to write a post on the Spanish Conquest of El Salvador.
This countries history is very complex but, very interesting.
El Salvador is the smallest country in Central America and what they have been through to become a country and remain a country is unbelievable. El Salvador still faces many problems, but they are a strong people that can overcome obstacles.
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